Fixing Manila's Transport Congestion - A Rail Subway Remedy

Published: 14th March 2011
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Manila is a single of Asia's good metropolises. It is a town of some sixteen million men and women that has some really really serious transportation conflicts. In the past, extensive transportation research by skilled planners have concluded that Metro Manila needed a mass transit method to resolve its congestion. As of 2008, 3 Elevated Rail Transport Techniques (ERTS) have been built, but these methods are not genuinely integrated, and do not serve the principal enterprise district of Makati, nor its satellite business and residential district of Fort Bonifacio. What is necessary is an integrated system that will permit effortless passenger motion among the Philippine National Railway (PNR) providers and with at least two of the ERT programs, whilst delivering a mass transport technique for Makati, Fort Bonifacio and adjacent business and residential locations. In quick, the Rail Subway method that is staying proposed will make good transport connectivity for Metro Manila.

Other probable options that involve an extension of the enormous elevated structures that characterise the present ERTs or an extension of the high price tag and polluting expressway methods are too high priced. What is required is an revolutionary and unique subway mass transit system.

The Proposal

Subway techniques are not new. London, New York and Paris have extended existing, effective techniques. Bangkok has a new subway system that is interconnected to that city's ERT technique, and to the Thai Countrywide Railways. For Manila, the proposed interconnected transport technique will in some features mimic that which has been produced in Bangkok.

The subway system will connect Makati, and its residential villages, Fort Bonifacio, Mandaluyong, Pateros, Pasig/Ortigas and San Juan, an area of some twelve square kilometres. It will give fast access amongst the major enterprise, industrial and new and established residential places of Metro Manila, and give all set accessibility to the combined CBD for the population of Manila, and adjoining areas (by means of a revamped PNR).

The proposal incorporates the provision of pedestrian interconnectivity with ERTS two and three, and to the PNR's north/south rail method. The PNR interconnection will present access to depot yards and upkeep services, and later on to an electrified rail method to the Clark International Airport in Pampanga. A hyperlink can be produced from the subway to the Nino Aquino Worldwide and Domestic Airport terminals.


Several recent subway programs have been constructed employing superior know-how Tunnel Boring Machines (TBMs). For Manila, the distinctive geology suggests that a second tactic to tunnelling be applied, this currently being the use of medium engineering road-header machines with semi-integrated protected and efficient tunnel lining. (Note: The volcanic tuff that exists in the Manila basin, need to be quickly handled by the road-headers, and offer for risk-free and effective swiftly progressing tunnel lining.)

The use of street-headers with underground mine conveyors will permit for successful tunnelling waste movement with the extraction of broken rock occurring in which the underground tunnels 'daylight' adjacent to the Passig River bridge crossings. With respect to rolling stock, contemporary and experienced designers of the all-new subway alignment can take optimum financial and environmental benefit of the favourable characteristics of innovative electrical traction techniques that will incorporate regenerative breaking with reduced expense traction servicing.


Despite the fact that Manila is a main Asian metropolis with a big portion of the population obtaining very good incomes, there is a percentage of the population that is 'low income'. To make the integrated mass-transport technique economical to low cash flow earners, the fare construction of the total technique will want to be very carefully set. The pursuit of non-fare revenue streams from along the railway corridor, this kind of as connection of stations to industrial enterprises that will include buying precincts, will be sought for their income potentials. The advancement of industrial and new residential regions along the subway route need to be used into account in the creation of partnerships for the subway construction and thence operation. For far more info about "metro paris", you need to check out: metro paris

It is proposed that the venture call for no dollars disbursements by the Authorities. The financing scheme will be of the Create Operate Personal (BOO), Create Run Own Transfer (BOOT), or equivalent.

Progressing the Subway Project

The undertaking of a in depth feasibility study inclusive of venture engineering and management, transport know-how alternatives, societal implications and fiscal types is expected to realize if and how the Manila Subway Project can turn into a truth. Confirming the geology of the proposed route will be required as a important initial engineering contribution. This geological investigation will help in pinpointing the route, in picking out the excavation tools and in supplying an indication of the anticipated charge of progress of excavation.

The project engineering will also consider the provision of underground sidings, connection to a floor rail depot, interconnection with the PNR, the sort of 'People Movers' needed for permitting passenger movement amongst the subway and the ERTS two and three, and deciding on a rail technique with superb environmental credentials and vitality effectiveness.

Regarding the societal implications of the Subway Venture, the feasibility examine will glimpse at the charge of the challenge in terms of site visitors disruption during building (to be kept to a minimal via underground tunnelling), the positive aspects of the venture in terms of incorporating to Manila's performance, and the immediate and indirect work and income possibilities designed by the Subway. Economic types will be developed that will clearly present the prices and the revenue streams while in building and operation of the Subway, with acceptable funding schemes currently being produced.

The feasibility examine is anticipated to very last for 26 weeks and outcome in a decision to undertake (or not undertake) the undertaking. A 'Bankable Document' will be the deliverable if a choice is created to proceed.


It is a wonderful challenge to offer Metro Manila with a clean, successful and non-polluting mass transport method. To provide riding passengers with an all-climate protected initial course mass transport technique at cost-effective fares is part of the problem.

The affordability will be ensured by creating a subway process that will require minimal acquire of true house, which will make ideal use of the favourable geology in the course of development, and will make it possible for for the maximisation of non-fare revenues. The bringing together of sound engineering apply that requires into account the bodily nature of the geology and terrain, the possibilities for transport program integration and good environmental engineering concepts, whilst taking into account local social and financial elements, along with robust business and governmental support, will be essential to make the Manila Rail Subway venture a reality.
Fixing Manila's Transport Congestion - A Rail Subway Solution

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